The trial of Socrates for heresy and the corruption of youth gives Plato the opportunity to develop and present his own philosophy of the responsibility of the individual for his actions and their effect on their community as well as his belief in the immortality of the soul. Euthyphro has accused his father of the murder of a servant. The servant had attacked and killed another servant.
Socratic method Perhaps his most important contribution to Western thought is his dialectic method of inquiry, known as the Socratic method or method of "elenchus", which he largely applied to the examination of key moral concepts such as the Good and Justice.
It was first described by Plato in the Socratic Dialogues. To solve a problem, it would be broken down into a series of questions, the answers to which gradually distill the answer a person would seek. The Socratic method has often been considered as a defining element of American legal education.
The Socratic method is a negative method of hypothesis elimination, in that better hypotheses are found by steadily identifying and eliminating those that lead to contradictions.
An alternative interpretation of the dialectic is that it is a method for direct perception of the Form of the Good. Little in the way of concrete evidence exists to demarcate the two. The lengthy presentation of ideas given in most of the dialogues may be the ideas of Socrates himself, but which have been subsequently deformed or changed by Plato, and some scholars think Plato so adapted the Socratic style as to make the literary character and the philosopher himself impossible to distinguish.
Others argue that he did have his own theories and beliefs. Consequently, distinguishing the philosophical beliefs of Socrates from those of Plato and Xenophon has not proven easy, so it must be remembered that what is attributed to Socrates might actually be more the specific concerns of these two thinkers instead.
The matter is complicated because the historical Socrates seems to have been notorious for asking questions but not answering, claiming to lack wisdom concerning the subjects about which he questioned others. When he is on trial for heresy and corrupting the minds of the youth of Athens, he uses his method of elenchos to demonstrate to the jurors that their moral values are wrong-headed.
He tells them they are concerned with their families, careers, and political responsibilities when they ought to be worried about the "welfare of their souls". Socrates also questioned the Sophistic doctrine that arete virtue can be taught.
He liked to observe that successful fathers such as the prominent military general Pericles did not produce sons of their own quality.
|From the SparkNotes Blog||Summary[ edit ] The dialogue is told from the perspective of one of Socrates' students, Phaedo of Eliswho was present at Socrates' death bed.|
Socrates argued that moral excellence was more a matter of divine bequest than parental nurture. This belief may have contributed to his lack of anxiety about the future of his own sons.
Also, according to A. According to Xenophon, he was a teleologist who held that god arranges everything for the best.
He mentions several influences: Prodicus the rhetor and Anaxagoras the philosopher. Perhaps surprisingly, Socrates claims to have been deeply influenced by two women besides his mother: The following are among the so-called Socratic paradoxes: No one errs or does wrong willingly or knowingly.
Virtue is sufficient for happiness.The Last Days of Socrates has 27, ratings and reviews. David said: When he was tried, convicted and ordered to death in B.C.E., Socrates was a /5. Socrates then proceeds to interrogate Meletus, the man primarily responsible for bringing Socrates before the jury.
This is the only instance in The Apology of the elenchus, or cross-examination, which is so central to most Platonic dialogues.
The last days of Socrates Plato - The Euthyphro In his Apology Plato relates the trial and sentencing of Socrates - The sentence being that of death by imbibing a fatal poison. In The Last Days of Socrates, Plato begins with Euthyphro and we see the Socratic method in action. Socrates and Euthyphro discuss the nature of piety, and through a serious of thought provoking questions, Socrates argues for what he feels is the proper relationship between Man and God/5(73).
Socrates, from Diogenes Laertius, Lives of Eminent Philosophers There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance. May 31, · Buy a cheap copy of The Trial and Death of Socrates book by Plato. The trial and death of Socrates ( BCE) have almost as central a place in Western consciousness as the trial and death of Jesus.
In four /5(7).