The latter form appears in European languages as early as the 12th century; its first known use in French is the word terrible in By the word terreur is in use. Terreur is the origin of the Middle English term terrour, which later becomes the modern word "terror". Reign of Terror Seal of the Jacobin Club:
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As one of our loyal readers, we ask you to be our partner. Journalists, commentators and terrorism pundits are all willing to swear that their definition is the one that correctly reflects the phenomenon.
Defining the phenomenon is not only a theoretical question of terminology. Answering the following questions will not only help to correctly define the phenomenon, but will also enable the identification of the parameters required to deal with it effectively. Are we dealing with an intifada or a wave of terror?
Are the terrorists independent lone wolves or is it an organized phenomenon? Is the background for the attacks related to events at al-Aksa Mosque or are they the result of popular protests stemming from despair over the economic or national situation?
In Israel, there has been a tendency for many years to describe terrorist attacks in escalating and frightening terms. This trend is reflected in the media coverage of terrorist attacks and often gets a boost from the opposition, which uses terrorism as a comfortable cushion from which to attack the government regardless of which party is in power.
In any event, when the next wave of terror strikes, we will again be told that it is an escalation. The fervor surrounding the wave of terror only serves the interests of the terrorists, who want to maximize the resonance of their attacks and increase anxiety.
The first intifada, which began at the end ofincluded demonstrations and violent incidents in which tens of thousands of Palestinians participated throughout the territories. The second intifada, which began inwas also a mass uprising, but unlike the first one, it was armed with firearms, and Palestinian terrorist organizations joined the masses in carrying out a series of major terrorist attacks.
The phenomenon that Israel is currently facing is a severe wave of terrorist attacks, a wave with clear characteristics that differ from previous waves of terror that mainly consists of cold-weapon attacks — stabbings, vehicular attacks and, recently, even small-arms fire.
The number of people taking part is small compared with the number of Palestinians who took part in the intifadas. Fewer than terrorists have taken part in the current wave of terror, not thousands or tens of thousands. This is not to downplay the severity of the current wave or the challenge it presents to security agencies and Israeli society, but we should not ascribe to it apocalyptic dimensions.
With all of the deep grief and pain felt for the victims of the current wave, their number is very small compared to previous waves of terror, such as the suicide attacks during which, incidentally, were not called an intifada. The total number of victims from the past six months is lower than the number of victims from one or two suicide attacks in the s or s.
It is important to reemphasize that these arguments do not indicate a disregard for the severity of the current wave of terror or a willingness to tolerate it.
However, if we do not succeed in correctly defining and distinguishing the characteristics and dimensions of the current phenomenon, we will not know how to cope with it effectively. From the moment that we defined the terrorist attacks of the past six months as a wave of terror, several important questions derived from this definition have required answers: This distinction concerns the involvement of terrorist organizations in the initiation, planning, preparation and execution of the attacks.
An organized attack is an attack that is operationally organized by a terrorist organization. The results of these attacks are usually more severe and fatal than terrorist attacks carried out without organizational operational involvement. A self-initiated attack is carried out by a lone wolf.
The initiative and planning begin and end in the mind of a single person who underwent a process of radicalization and decided to carry out an attack independently and alone.
A locally initiated attack is carried out by a small group two or three of terrorists. The groups can be made up of siblings, couples, relatives or friends who agree that they want to carry out an attack together.
The number of casualties in self-initiated or locally initiated attacks is usually smaller than in organized attacks. The level of planning is low.Terrorist Motivations and Behaviors Goals and objectives of terrorist organizations differ throughout the world and range from Terrorist strategies will be aimed at publicly causing damage to symbols or inspiring fear.
Timing, location, and method of attacks accommodate. Exploring the Connection between Terrorist Tactics & Motives Roya Talibova and Carly Wayne February 18, terrorist organizations, we ﬁnd that, indeed, groups with limited goals are to succeed – the costs the group inﬂicts will not be able to outweigh the (very.
Understanding why terrorist attacks succeed and fail is important for homeland security and counterterrorism planning. In examining past terrorist attacks, this understanding is necessary to. Jan 23, · The terrorist A-Team. Follow Us Search Suffice it to say he did not succeed.
the U.S. government was confident it could “take down” the world’s most lethal terrorist organizations. The Irish Republican Army, founded in , used terrorist tactics to oppose British rule in Ireland.
The IRA is rooted in Catholic Irish nationalism.
From through , the IRA splintered into a number of organizations, all called the IRA. They included: The Official IRA (OIRA). The Provisional IRA (PIRA). Does Poverty Cause Terrorism?
they will assume leadership positions if they succeed, or if they identify more strongly with the goals of the terrorist organization than less-educated.