Historical context[ edit ] Before the Constitution was drafted, the nearly 4 million inhabitants  of the 13 newly independent states were governed under the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Unioncreated by the Second Continental Congressfirst proposed inadopted by the Second Continental Congress in and only finally unanimously ratified by the Original Thirteen States by
Whitepaper The Constitutional Convention of A Revolution in Government by: In virtually all of the public opinion polls conducted on the subject, Americans not only express their reverence for the Constitution, but also their strong opinions about its meaning.
Even more amazing, in another poll, a third of American expressed the belief that the Declaration of Independence was written after the Civil War! But it is impossible to begin even a brief essay on the Constitution and the Founding Fathers of without saying a few words about the document, drafted eleven years earlier, without which Americans could not be engaged in defining the character of their new nation: Included in the opening paragraphs of the Declaration of Independence is perhaps the most important statement of American ideals ever articulated: We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness—That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving Constitutional convention 1787 essay powers from the consent of the governed.
Those ideas of the equality of mankind; that governments are based on the consent of the governed; that it is the fundamental obligation of a government to serve the needs of the people it governs; and, indeed, that it is the right of the people to abolish a government that does not serve those ends, has formed the basis of American government and society from that time forward.
These state constitutions were bold revolutionary experiments, and in many cases, because they were the first time state political leaders sought to write down the way their governments should function, they were far from perfect.
But they were an important step forward in the notion that the purpose of governments was to serve the public interest while at the same time protecting individual liberty.
Moreover, the Articles of Confederation failed to provide for a chief executive capable of giving energy and focus to the new central government. The fifty-five delegates who met in Philadelphia between May 25 and September 17,would not only reject the Articles of Confederation altogether, but they would produce the first written constitution for any nation in the history of the world.
Those gathered in the Assembly Room of the Pennsylvania State House during the summer of faced a formidable task. Yet somehow, in the space of slightly less than four months, they managed to pull off an extraordinary accomplishment. The Constitution they drafted has been successful for most of U.
And it has brought remarkable stability to one of the most tumultuous forms of political activity: The challenge that all nations in the world have faced not only in drafting a constitution, but also creating a form of government that both provides stability to its nation and sufficient civic responsibility and liberty to its people, is enormous.
Indeed, among the more than constitutions presently operating in the world today, few have been as successful in creating that delicate balance between governmental power and personal liberty among the citizens ruled by their government.
The Launching of a New American Constitution The remarkable achievement of the fifty-five men gathered in Philadelphia during the summer of was by no means inevitable.
Looking back on their work that summer, we can identify a few factors that enabled them to achieve their success.
Certainly among the most important was the quality of leadership among those most committed to strengthening the American government. The ringleader was the thirty-seven-year-old James Madison.
Standing only a few inches over five-feet tall, scrawny, suffering from a combination of poor physical health and hypochondria, and painfully awkward in any public forum, Madison nevertheless possessed a combination of intellect, energy, and political savvy that would mobilize the effort to create an entirely new form of continental union.
The Pennsylvania and Virginia delegates then met frequently during the days leading up to May Together these men would forge a radical new plan, the Virginia Plan, which would shape the course of events during that summer of By seizing the initiative, this small group of nationalist-minded politicians was able to set the terms of debate during the initial stages of the Convention—gearing the discussion toward not whether, but how—a vastly strengthened continental government would be constructed.
On May 28,the state delegations unanimously agreed to a proposal that would prove invaluable in allowing men like Madison, Wilson, and Morris to move their plan forward.
But the rule of secrecy gave to delegates the freedom to disagree, sometimes vehemently, on important issues, and to do so without the posturing and pandering to public opinion that so often marks political debate today.The Constitutional Convention of was deemed a great success in many eyes.
This constitution laid the foundation for the great nation called the United States of America.
The Constitutional Convention of Essay - The Constitutional Convention of was held to address problems in governing the United States which had been operating under the Articles of Confederation since it’s independence from Britain.
Constitutional Convention Essay. Carnes History 25 September Constitutional Convention and The Constitution The Constitutional Convention held in Philadelphia on May 14, , is one of the most, if not the only, important meeting in American history.
The Constitutional Convention was paramount in unifying the states after the Revolutionary War. However, in order to do so, the convention had to compromise on many issues instead of addressing them with all due haste.
The Constitutional Convention of Essay The Constitutional Convention of was deemed a great success in many eyes. This constitution laid the foundation for the great nation called the United States of America.
The Constitutional Convention drafted the Constitution in and, after much debate between Federalists and Anti-Federalists, ratified it in which provided a government of checks and balances between the judiciary, legislative, and executive branches, distributed more power to the federal government, established that the president would.