Its core idea depends on the effects that a morally right or wrong action leads to. Proponents believe that morality can make life better when the amount of good things is increased and bad things are decreased. Utilitarianism, however, reject moral codes or systems that are based on traditions, customs or beliefs. Instead, they believe in moral actions that can be justified based on how they contribute to human beings in a positive way.
Tweet on Twitter Utilitarianism. The world itself is a mouthful, but it represents a belief and moral system that has been around since the 19th century.
It is an ethical theory that very closely stems from the idea of consequentialism. The basic idea is that you can determine whether an action is right or wrong, solely based on the outcome that it will produce. If the outcome will bring happiness to people, then it is the morally correct choice.
However, if the consequence of your action will bring more pain and sadness, it is morally wrong. This ideal has been debated for many years, mainly because so much of it is left up to speculation. How do you determine what is right for some and what is right for others?
While the general mindset and belief system itself is well intentioned, there are certainly some foggy areas. The Advantages of Utilitarianism 1.
Promotes a Happier World Utilitarians, in a nut shell, want everyone and everything to be happy. This method of decision making could be very beneficial, because it helps people to truly think about the effects of their actions.
Strong Sense of Purpose When you look at every decision you make with a utilitarian view, every decision becomes very important to you. You begin to think of the things you do in a broader picture, effecting more than just yourself. Helps With Tough Choices In life, we are often faced with difficult choices.
Our emotions and desires will take over these decisions most of the time. However, with this theory of ethics, you are able to think very rationally and make the, perceived, right choice.
We Are Pleasure — Pain Creatures From infancy, you are conditioned to like or fear things by the feelings that they cause you.
Burning yourself causes you pain, so you learn that hot things are bad, while laughing causes you happiness, so you learn that funny things are good.
Utilitarianism merely articulates what the basic human functions already are. The Disadvantages of Utilitarianism 1. It is extremely difficult to correctly determine what the exact consequences of your actions will be.
This makes the ideals behind utilitarianism a mute point. Who Decides Good and Bad? Who exactly is the say what is good and what is bad?If you answered yes, you were probably using a form of moral reasoning called "utilitarianism." Stripped down to its essentials, utilitarianism is a moral principle that holds that the morally right course of action in any situation is the one that produces the greatest balance of benefits over.
Utilitarianism is an ethical theory that states that the best action is the one that maximizes utility, which is usually defined as that which produces the greatest well-being of the greatest number of people, and in some cases, sentient animals. Jeremy Bentham, the founder of utilitarianism, described utility as the sum of all pleasure that results from an action, minus the suffering of.
MAKING CHOICES: A FRAMEWORK FOR MAKING ETHICAL DECISIONS. Decisions about right and wrong permeate everyday life. Ethics should concern all levels of life: acting properly as individuals, creating responsible organizations and governments, and making our society as a whole more ethical.
This article is concerned with social and political equality.
In its prescriptive usage, ‘equality’ is a loaded and ‘highly contested’ concept. The first in SPI’s series on Inequality. By: May Leung.
Difference in income plays a role. One important factor contributing to different levels of wealth is people are paid different wages. Utilitarianism. The world itself is a mouthful, but it represents a belief and moral system that has been around since the 19th century. It is an ethical theory that very closely stems from the idea of consequentialism.